(Soul Searching, Full Series)
Of all the themes uncovered in Christian Smith’s research, this next one is one of those that seems to me to be a particularly American way of viewing religion. The majority of American teens view religion as something that helps you accomplish your goals. It has a pragmatic value for making you feel good and resolving your problems. Religion does this, according to teens, not by making external moral demands for change, but God is like a cosmic genie that helps you when you ask, and give you comfort when you need it. In this way, it is God’s responsibility to help humans, not humans’ responsibility to respond to their Creator.
I think the most obvious causes for this is what sociologists have identified as the parental use of religion for pro-social outcomes with their children. That is, parents use religion as a way to create desired behaviors in their kids. When I was a youth pastor, I saw this from some parents all the time to help their kids be more healthy, safe, and successful in life. I had one father in particular accuse me of not being supportive of parents because I would not go along with the legalism he wanted to impose on the entire group. Continue reading
(Soul Searching, Full Series)
I’m finally getting back to Christian Smith’s Soul Searching, and we discover some more things about teen belief. Most of it is not that surprising overall, but that these things attitudes apply to those teens that identify as “conservative Christian” is not what I would hope for.
What does Smith point to next? It seems that the irrational postmodern desire to consider all viewpoints as equally truthful has found its way into most of American teen life. Continue reading
With all the talk lately about the SCOTUS decisions regarding Prop 8 and DOMA, it has me thinking about the Church’s relationship to the State in regard to weddings. When I perform a wedding ceremony in the state of Pennsylvania, I am acting in part as an agent for that state. I am acting in some sense as a representative of the state as I formalize the marriage of these two people. This can be a complicated arrangement because it seems to me there are three things we’re looking at when we talk about marriage and the wedding ceremony.
A Theological Viewpoint:
A convincing historical argument can be made that it was Jewish and Christian morality, deriving from Old Testament law, that pushed society toward monogamy between one man and woman. From our perspective, marriage is ordained by God from the beginning, and human kind has always had a propensity to move toward sexual expressions that violate this principle. Marriage is not simply a right granted when people feel romantic love toward one another. It is a covenant promise made by a man and a woman before the Creator God, promising to live in union with one another, one man and one woman forever, emulating the oneness of the Triune God. Continue reading
Continuing in chapter 4 of Christian Smith’s Soul Searching, we look at yet another major theme of American teen religious belief: everyone decides for themselves. (Full Series)
Who am I to judge?
“Whatever” is just fine, if that’s what a person wants. Consequently, certain traditional religious languages and vocabularies of commitment, duty, faithfulness, obedience, calling, obligation, accountability, and ties to the past are nearly completely absent from the discourse of U.S. teenagers. Instead, religion is presumed to be something that individuals choose and must reaffirm for themselves based on their present and ongoing personal felt needs and preferences. (Kindle Locations 3057-3060)
Smith makes two more points that are particularly important and utterly fascinating. I’m going to quote this paragraph at length… Continue reading
Continuing to look at the major themes uncovered in the one-on-one interviews in the book Soul Searching by Christian Smith. The first of these themes we’ve been sorting through is the idea that religion exists in the background of most teens lives. It isn’t something of primary importance in practice even though, statistically speaking, most religious teens would say that it is. (Full Series)
Emerging from the interview is that though many youth claim that religion is important to them, they also thought it important to clarify that they did not see themselves as “too religious.” What did they mean by this? Continue reading
As we continue our look at teen religious trends from Christian Smith Soul Searching, today we take a look at just how important teen reported religion to be to them when interviewed and asked specific questions. (Full Series)
Many report specific reasons why religion is important to them by giving practical examples of how religion helps them cope with various life struggles. They report that religion “works” for them.
When talking about teens who practice a more direct and deliberate sort of faith, Smith reports…
Such exceptions tended to come from conservative Protestant and Mormon traditions, but not exclusively so, and certainly not all conservative Protestant or Mormon teens practiced religion intentionally in the foreground of their lives. But viewed as a whole, for most U.S. teenagers, their claims to religion’s importance notwithstanding, religion actually appears to operate much more as a taken-for-granted aspect of life, mostly situated in the background of everyday living, which becomes salient only under very specific conditions. (Kindle Locations 2707-2711) Continue reading
Chapter 4: Moralistic Therapeutic Deism
As we begin the wrap-up of Christian Smith’s Soul Searching, we’re going to take a look at the chapter of this book that has gained all the attention. To this point, the author has focused on statistics and his analysis of them. Now, he gets into the live conversations and interviews he and his team had with 267 teens in 45 states. These interviews give depth and nuance to the hard facts of a statistical survey.
In what follows, Smith breaks down the interview analysis into some of the major themes that emerge from the interviews. Each of these major themes is also surrounded by minority views, so these major themes should not be understood as all-encompassing truths. I want to summarize these major themes starting with the notion that for most teens religion is just not a big deal. Continue reading